Split by the Great Rift Valley and rippling with endless mountains, Ethiopia’s geography is as dramatic as its history and culture. Ethiopia is the cradle of our earliest known ancestors; a hub for some of the first Christians, Muslims, and Jews; and a last frontier for some of Africa’s most intriguing tribal traditions. Encounter the diverse cultures of the Omo Valley and the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela; and enjoy the insights of local visionaries, tribespeople, and researchers.
Depart for Addis Ababa on an overnight flight. If you wish, head to the Ethnographic Museum for an introduction to Ethiopia’s cultures before we gather for a welcome dinner tonight.
Radisson Blu (D)
Go behind the scenes at the National Museum of
Ethiopia, home to some of the most important
early human fossils finds in the world, including
Selam and Lucy. Fly south to Arba Minch, set amid
thick jungle at the junction of Lake Abaya and
Lake Chamo, and check into our cliff-top tukuls
(thatched huts) overlooking the lakes.
Paradise Lodge (B,L,D)
Board local boats for a morning cruise on Lake
Chamo and spot hippos, crocodiles, and a wide
variety of bird species. Then travel by 4x4 through
ever-changing landscapes to Jinka. Gain insights
into the area’s tribes at the wonderful Jinka
Eco Omo Safari Lodge (B,L,D)
For millennia, the Omo Valley has been inhabited
by a wide variety of ethnic groups with rich and
distinctive cultural identities. This is the home of
tribes such as the Kara, the Hamer, and the Mursi,
who decorate themselves with different combinatins
of beads, scars, feathers, and body paint and
undergo unique initiation rites. Today we meet
the Mursi, a pastoralist society known for the lip
plates worn by the women. Visit a Mursi village to
witness daily life and learn about their intriguing
culture. Back in Jinka this afternoon, stop in at
Omo Child, a nonprofit co-founded by National
Geographic Emerging Explorer Lale Labuko to
halt the practice of mingi, a local superstition that
dictates the killing of children who are believed
to be cursed.
Eco Omo Safari Lodge (B,L,D)
Head south into the heart of the Omo Valley, and
spend three days exploring the diverse communities
around Turmi. Meet the Hamer people,
who fashion their clothing out of goat skins,
cowrie shells, and beads, and visit the Kara in
their farming communities along the Omo River. Lale or one of his colleagues will join us here for
a conversation with villagers who have ended the
practice of mingi killing as a result of Omo Child’s
efforts. Cross the river by canoe at Omorate to
get acquainted with the Daasanach people. Learn
about tribal customs and conflicts, and wander
through a local market, one of the rare settings in
which members of various groups interact. With
luck, our visit will coincide with a bull-jumping or
an evangadi dance—two important rituals of the
Buska Lodge (B,L,D)
Our last Omo Valley encounter is with the Arbore people, who live in tall, rounded huts. After a photo shoot, drive to the terraced hills of the Konso region, declared a UNESCO World Heritage site for its rich culture. Here, train your lens on a very different kind of village, built within concentric stone walls. Meet the Konso chief, a spiritual leader with an important role in tribal judicial matters, and hear about his people's complex traditions. Drive back to Arba Minch the next day, and fly back to Addis Ababa.
Kanta Lodge (B, L, D; B, L)
Fly north to the World Heritage site of Lalibela.
Hewn out of sheer rock below ground level,
Lalibela’s eleven churches date from the 12th century
and have welcomed worshippers ever since.
Venture into the web of tunnels and trenches that
link the churches, and discover the significance
of the murals and carvings at this spectacular
site. The next day, head into the countryside
to Yemrehane Kristos, a beautiful stone church
built within a mountainside cave that pre-dates
the churches of Lalibela. Stop at a village for an
up-close look at rural life in northern Ethiopia
and watch the ubiquitous flatbread, injera, being
made. After a farewell dinner and a traditional
coffee ceremony, enjoy music and dance at a
popular local joint.
Tukul Village (B,L,D)
Return to Addis Ababa and enjoy time to explore
the city as you wish. Stroll through the Mercado, the
largest open-air market in Africa, pick up freshly
roasted beans at a coffee shop, or trace Ethiopia’s
tumultuous recent history at the Red Terror Martyrs
Museum. This evening, transfer to the airport for
your return flight, arriving home the next day.
Radisson Blu (B,L)
Paleoanthropologist, geologist, and National Geographic Emerging Explorer Zeray Alemseged leads exploration at Busidima-Dikika, which is yielding important clues about the history of human evolution and the divergence of hominids from other primates. In 2000 at this site in the Ethiopian desert, Zeray discovered the bones of a 3.3-million-year-old girl, Selam, of the hominin species Australopithecus afarensis—a find supported in part by research grants from National Geographic. A native of Ethiopia, Zeray looks forward to sharing his knowledge and his country with National Geographic Expeditions travelers.
Zeray will join the following departure:
Apr 01 - 14, 2015
The December departure coincides with the Genna (Christmas) celebration in Lalibela.
Price is per person, double occupancy. For a single
room, add $1,795 from December 2015 through March 2016.
International airfare to/from Addis Ababa and airfare within Ethiopia are not included in the expedition cost. The group flights within Ethiopia (Addis Ababa/Arba Minch and Addis Ababa/Lalibela) are $695 (subject to change).
While tourism is growing steadily, Ethiopia’s infrastructure is still developing. Road conditions are often rugged and dusty, and internal flight schedules can be unpredictable. Patience, flexibility, and enthusiasm are essential to the enjoyment of this expedition. In Addis Ababa we stay in a modern hotel. In Jinka, we stay in elevated safari tents, and elsewhere we stay in comfortable private cottages modeled after traditional thatched huts. All accommodations have ensuite bathrooms. In Jinka and Turmi, hot water and electricity are only available in the morning and evening.